Lot 335
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Najaarsveiling 2016
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Piet Mondriaan (1872-1944)

'Grazende kalfjes' / Grazing calves

signed lower left and signed in pencil on the stretcher, titled No.2 "Grazende kalfjes" and annotated with the artist’s address ‘Ringdijk 81’

oil on canvas, 48x67,5 cm Painted between 1901-1903.

With certificate of authenticity of dr. Joop M. Joosten, dated 18 February 2008.

Provenance:

  • (Probably) Auction B.L. Voskuil, Amsterdam, 4 May 1909, lot 191 (offered as: Piet Mondriaan, 'Landschap met vee', oil on canvas: 50 x 70 cm; as far as we know this is the first Piet Mondriaan to be sold at auction).
  • Private collection Simonis & Buunk, Ede, since 2006.
  • From 16 June 2010 until recently on loan to the Mondriaanhuis in Amersfoort.

Literature:

  • Robert P. Welsh, 'Piet Mondrian. Catalogue Raisonné of the Naturalistic Works (until early 1911)', Blaricum 1998, page 474: Catalogue Raisonné of the Unidentified References, cat. no. UA16;
  • Joop M. Joosten, 'Piet Mondrian. Catalogue Raisonné of the Work of 1911-1944', Leiden/Toronto 1998, appendix, p. 23.

Exhibited:

  • (Possibly) Amsterdam, Arti et Amicitiae, 'Tentoonstelling van kunstwerken vervaardigd door leden der maatschappij', May- April 1903 (described as still life, same size).
  • Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, 'Kunstwerken van Levende Meesters', 12 September - 15 November 1903, cat. no. 359 entitled 'Grazende kalfjes'.
  • Amersfoort, Mondriaanhuis, 'Mondriaan in de polder', 8 September 2013 - 12 January 2014.
  • Tsinandali, Georgië, Alexander Chavchavadze House-Museum, ‘Once Upon a time in Holland. The young Piet Mondrian and the masters who inspired him.', 1 May - 30 June 2011.
  • Winterswijk, Villa Mondriaan, 'Mondriaan en zijn leermeesters', 16 May 2014 - 16 May 2015.
  • Winterswijk, Villa Mondriaan, 'Vee in beeld', 4 March - 4 September 2016.

In the autumn 2007 there was a lot of discussion in the media about the ‘Grazende kalfjes’ (Grazing Calves) from 1902-1903. This painting was regarded as an authentic Frits Mondriaan, the uncle of Piet. The signature reads “F. Mondriaan”. However, close examination at the Delft University of Technology proved that the F originally was a P. Therefore the painting should be attributed to Piet Mondriaan. One might wonder why one would alter a Piet into a Frits Mondriaan. The answer could be that around 1900 Frits was better known than Piet, who was still trying to find his way in painting. The work of Frits was more sought after at that time. During examinations by Dr. Jan van der Lubbe at the Delft University of Technology and by Prof. Joris Dik at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Grenoble a second discovery was made. Beneath the grazing cows was an earlier painting by Piet Mondriaan, a still life with apples and an oil lamp. Piet Mondriaan made several still lives in this period; presumably he was not satisfied with the result and decided to paint the landscape instead. The stretcher also mentions a street name: Ringdijk 81, the house at Watergraafsmeer to which Piet Mondriaan and his brothers moved on the 6 May 1903. Piet stayed there until 18 January 1904, after which he moved to Uden. (See cat. rais. Mondriaan, vol. I, pag. 122-123).

€ 50.000,00
€ 50.000,00
€ 88.000,00

Hamerprijs: € 88.000

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