Lot 264
Spring Auction: European Fine Art 2019
Jacob Maris (1837-1899)

'The drawbridge and windmills'

signed ‘J Maris’ (lower right)

oil on panel, 14,5x18,5 cm

-'Illustrated catalogue of the Spring Exhibition' at the Goupil Gallery, Boussod, Valadon & Co, London, March 1899, no. 11 with ill., as 'The Drawbridge'.
-'The Studio, an illustrated magazine of fine art and applied art', part 16 (1899), p. 269, as: 'The Drawbridge'. -E. Geudeker and R.J. Te Rijdt, 'Meesterwerken van de Haagse School en werken van andere meesters: de collectie van A.H. Bakker', Ommen 2015, pp. 88, 237, and ill. no. 44, p. 89, as: 'Stadsgezicht met ophaalbrug'.

Provenance: -Kunsthandel Goupil, The Hague, no. 23040, as: 'Pont' (bought from the artist for Dfl. 200,- on 12 May 1893).
-F.H.M. Post, The Hague (bought from Goupil for Dfl. 450,- on 22 June 1893). -Auction, Boussod, Valadon & Cie [Goupil], Auction, F.H.M. Post a.o., 13 November 1894, lot. 62, as: 'Petit Pont; effet de soleil'; (sold for Dfl 1100,-).
-A.E.H. Goekoop, The Hague.
-Goupil Gallery, London, March 1899.
-Galery Gabriëls, The Hague, circa 1978-1980. -Collection A.H. Bakker, The Hague.

As early as the seventeenth century, artists such as Van Goyen and Ruysdael were painting cityscapes with existing buildings placed in partially imagined environments. In the nineteenth century, Van Hove, Karsen, and Springer followed suit. This cityscape by Maris (The Hague 1837–Karlovy Vary 1899), depicting a drawbridge and windmills, was one of the artist’s partially or entirely made-up cityscapes. The drawbridge, which provides access to the city, would have been a rarity in Jacob Maris’ time. Throughout the nineteenth century, many strongholds that surrounded cities were demolished and replaced by green belts that ran along these cities’ outer walls. As a result, drawbridges fell out of use; they were replaced by regular bridges. The landscape is painted primarily in shades of grey, green, and brown against a mostly light sky; Maris was interested in capturing the character of the city through its atmosphere.

Jacob Maris was under contract at the Goupil firm in The Hague (after 1884 known as Boussod, Valadon & Cie), so he was required to sell his work through their art dealership. As the archive has been preserved, we can track the early stages of the sale of many of his pieces. This cityscape is one such example.

(Source: E. Geudeker and R.J. te Rijdt, ‘Meesterwerken van de Haagse School en werken van andere meesters: de collectie van A.H. Bakker’ [‘Masterpieces from The Hague School and Works by Other Masters: The Collection of A.H. Bakker’], p. 88.)

€ 3.000,00
€ 5.000,00